Differential Interference Contrast


Differential Interference Contrast (DIC) is a phase contrast technique that allows transparent structures to be visualized by exploiting changes in refractive index. In contrast to conventional phase contrast techniques, which are based on changes in optical path length, DIC is based on the gradient of the optical path length (rate of change in wavefront shear). Steep gradients produce the high contrast and 3-D relief effect that is characteristic of DIC.